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Main Department on struggle against human traffic



A number of works had been done by the Main Department on Combating Human Trafficking at the Ministry of Internal Affairs and structures under this department in 2014 in the field of combating trafficking in human beings focused on protection of person and society from any types of trafficking in human beings, solving and preventing these types of crimes, as well as eradicating consequences.  

According to the Article 7.5 of the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on “Combating trafficking in human beings” the information about activities implemented in the field of combating trafficking in human beings during 2013 had been prepared and submitted to the President Administration of Azerbaijan Republic and Ombudsman, as well as the National Coordinator on combating trafficking in human beings had provided annual information of report character at the Milli Mejlis of Azerbaijan Republic (parliament) on April 4, 2014 and information was taken into account with the decision of the Milli Mejlis dated with the same date.  

The comprehensive report had been submitted to the President Administration of Azerbaijan Republic regarding the coming to the end of the mentioned “National Action Plan on Combating trafficking in human beings” for 2009 - 2013 approved with the Decree N 133 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated to February 6, 2009. There had been defined that successful implementation of the National Action Plan had positive results leading to decrease of number of crimes committed in the field of trafficking in human beings for 3.9 times, decrease of number of victims of trafficking in human beings for 28.2 percent.

There had been provided information about the activities conducted in the field of combating trafficking in human beings at the board meeting of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on July 11, 2014 dedicated to discussion of combating crime within 6 months of 2014, results of works in a way of providing law and order and public safety and further tasks.

The “National Action Plan on Combating trafficking in human beings in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2014 – 2018” developed by the Main Department in systematic order in close cooperation with state bodies had been approved with the Decree No. 667 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated to July 24, 2014.

This National Action Plan as the others is considering revealing and eradicating reasons for trafficking in human beings, cases leading to trafficking in human beings, protection, restoration of rights of victims of trafficking in human beings and their social rehabilitation along with defending person or society from all types of trafficking in human beings. The specific feature of the third National Action Plan from previous ones is that it is much more comprehensive and overwhelming.  

Thus, this document is defining 29 state bodies as executive stakeholders, considering involvement of international and non – governmental organizations in implementation of activities.

A number of activities had been implemented together with the relevant state bodies in a way of improvement of legislation in the field of Combating trafficking in human beings and following normative – legal documents had been adopted:

1. “The Program on social rehabilitation and reintegration of children exposed to be victims of trafficking in human beings” approved with the Decision No. 37 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated by 06.02.2014;
2. “Guaranteed volume of social services provided with the allocations from the state budget to persons (families) living in hard conditions” approved with the Decision No. 108 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated by 22.04.2014;
3. “Changes on rules of repatriation of victims of trafficking in human beings” made with the Decision No. 133 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated by 05.05.2014;
4. Changes on the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan “On Combating trafficking in human beings” based on the Law No. 1066-IVQD dated to 17.10.2014;
5. Application of the law No. 1066-IVQD dated to October 17, 2014 on changes on the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on “Combating trafficking in human beings” and Decree No. 372 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated to November 21, 2014 on making changes to the Decree No. 272 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated to August 4, 2005 on application of the law on “Combating trafficking in human beings”.

On these normative legal documents it is considered the implementation of relevant activities in a way of social rehabilitation and integration to society of children who became victims of trafficking in human beings, as well as provision of guaranteed volume of social services, including provision of socio – psychological, socio – economic and socio – legal services in corresponding order for the victims of trafficking in human beings.

On the report issued by the US Department of State on June 20, 2014, our country was included to the 2nd class of countries in the list as it was in 2013. Among the former Soviet Union countries Georgia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, as well as Turkey from neighbor countries are mentioned on the report. 8 recommendations from the 14 given to our country in 2013 were repeated on the report of 2014, and no any new recommendations were mentioned. The recommendations stated on the report were reflected on the National Action Plan of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings for 2014 – 2018.

Evaluation of implementation of the convention of Council of Europe on “Combating Trafficking in Human Beings” by Azerbaijan by the Experts Group of Council of Europe on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) had been completed, comments and feedbacks of Azerbaijan Republic on GRETA report on evaluation was summarized and submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention in Strasburg. Recommendations of the Group of Experts of Council of Europe on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) had been accepted and disseminated analogically on July 7, 2014. Those recommendations are covering the issues such as crime investigation, assistance to victims, compensation and rehabilitation. Recommendations have been submitted to the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic by the National Coordinator with the aim to provide implementation. For ensuring the execution of recommendations, they have been addressed to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan by National Coordinator.

65 awareness raising activities had been conducted based on the joint Work Plan of the Main Department of Combating Human Trafficking of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Education and members of the NGO Coalition against Trafficking in Human Beings on increasing awareness of teachers and students of high schools and colleges at cities and districts of the country on the topic “Concept of trafficking in human beings, forms, consequences and combating THB”. The trainings were organized in 9 state universities and 16 colleges of Baku, as well as in 36 state colleges and 4 police departments for the staff of law – enforcement bodies and local executive bodies, youth and children centers, social protection and employment centers, staff of medical, transportation institutions, entrepreneurs, mass media workers and other members of society of 52 cities and districts.  

Series of joint activities dedicated to 10 years of “Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in Azerbaijan” were implemented on May 2014 by Ministry of Internal Affairs, together with Ministry of Youth and Sport, Ministry of Culture and Tourism and NGO Coalition against Trafficking in Human Beings. Series of activates were covering sport competition among youth and children on kickboxing was organized under the slogan “Let’s stop trafficking in human beings”, painting competition on the topic “Trafficking in human beings and forced labor”, and theatre scene prepared on the topic trafficking in human beings titled “Innocent guilty” was performed first time at the Young Auditorium Theatre.

On September 17, 2014 the first meeting was held in order to bring to the attention the requirements and recommendations with the participation of government agencies of the National Action Plan on combating trafficking in human beings in 2014-2018 and the working group of the Executive Head Office.

Along with National Action plan, according to “National Action Plan on Increasing Efficiency of protection of human rights and freedom”, adopted by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, with Decree No 1938 of 27 December, 2011, ensuring participation of partners of the Head Department and subordinated bodies  at seminars, workshops, round-table and other meetings about combating against trafficking of human beings was in the spotlight.

During the reporting period General Board representatives were sent to the event held in 17 countries (US, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lithuania, Ukraine, France, Poland, Russia, Hungary) for the purpose of  increasing efficiency on combating trafficking in human beings, achieving advanced international experiences in the service area, to promote discussion on different issues related trafficking in human beings and have participated at the projects implemented by various international and foreign organizations, 39 seminar, conference, training, round table, bilateral and multilateral meetings, held by the contribution of local authorities.

During the reporting period, it has been carried out relevant works in the direction of studying existing country experiences on the field of combating trafficking in human beings. GRETA reports were received  for following countries as Luxembourg, Serbia, Slovenia, Sweden, Macedonia, Ukraine, San Marino, Andorra, the Netherlands, Italy and  Iceland, getting information on works done on combating trafficking in human beings for Bulgaria and Serbia in 2013, experience of Serbia, India and Kazakhstan in social rehabilitation and reintegration into society of children who are victims of trafficking in human beings, OSCE Special Representative on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in 2013 consisted of the information about our country, as well as information and experience of Austria, France, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands was gained through the National Central Bureau of Interpol, investigated and was taken into account.

Corresponding works in the field of combating trafficking in human beings have been carried out in the direction  of support of international initiatives in the framework of legislation in force and international treaties supported by our country.

In the direction of determination and elimination of forced labor cases in the industrial and agriculture fields, it has been done relevant works together with State Labor Inspectorate under the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, operational and preventive measures implemented in greenhouses within Absheron and Shemkir regions, stone, plastic products production facilities and construction sites  in Garadagh, Sabunchu, Khazar districts of Baku city,  collected materials for determination of  force labor signs were sent to initial investigation.

In the result of operational interrogation activities carried out in 2014, 105 criminal facts on 23 criminal cases regarding human trafficking were tracked, 97 of them were crimes on trafficking in human beings, 3 cases of illegal documentation with the purpose of committing trafficking in human beings, 5 facts on forced labor. 26 persons (18 women and 8 men) were brought to criminal responsibility for committing crimes related to trafficking in human beings and forced labor and 54 persons were revealed as victims of trafficking in human beings (51 women, 3 men, including 3 foreign citizens).

During reporting period 9 criminal groups and 1 organized criminal group involved in trafficking in human beings were revealed and had been neutralized, 23 criminal cases were forwarded to the court and accusatory sentences regarding 21 human trafficker have been made.

38 of victims (35 women, 3 men, including 3 foreign citizens) were hosted at safe shelter and activities in the direction of their protection and provision of urgent assistance to them had been carried on. All of the victims hosted by the shelter received medical, psychological and legal assistance, each of them were supplied with necessary clothes. On the corresponding decision of Cabinet of Ministers, once only payments were provided to 53 victims faced trafficking in human beings during the reintegration period . 24 victims were provided with jobs, 35 of them were sent to vocational courses.

It has been conducted conversations with the families of 34 victims of trafficking in human beings, there was provided assistance in giving them back to their families, children of 8 victims (11 children) were involved in educational programs out of school, children of 3 victims were settled at the shelter of Azerbaijan Children Union. 3 children who were out of care and were under risk group were provided with assistance in provision of birth certificate. 40 victims were provided with financial aid, 14 potential victims of trafficking in human beings received clothes and food from the Support Fund for victims of trafficking in human beings.

36 persons among the victims were sent to NGOs with the aim to provide social assistance, 51 of them were sent to the Aid Center for Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings under the State Social Protection Service of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection. 22 persons received legal, 8 persons received medical, 6 persons received psychological assistance, 10 persons were sent to the State Employment Service with the aim to get job, 9 persons were also sent to the same Service with the aim to be sent to the vocational courses, 4 persons were admitted to the Ganja Rehabilitation and Reintegration Center, there was applied to the corresponding executive power body for allocation of land parcel for 1 victim of trafficking in human beings. 46 potential victims of trafficking in human beings were directed to the Support Center by the Non-Governmental Organizations.  

Six of them were provided with legal assistance, — of them were provided with medical assistance, 15 of them were assisted in providing employment, 7 of them were sent to the State Employment Service to for admission to the vocational education, 3 of them were sent to the IOM for getting financial support, 5 of them were sent to the Social Protection Center of Population for getting addressed social aid, there had been applied to the State Social Protection Service to provide protection of rights of 1 person and to send 2 persons to Recreation facility for the Physically disabled people and veterans of war, 1 person was admitted to the Ganja Rehabilitation and Reintegration Center, child of 1 potential victim of trafficking in human beings was admitted to kindergarten, there was applied to the corresponding executive power body for allocation of land parcel for 1 victim of trafficking in human beings and 1 potential victim of trafficking in human beings.

The carried out analysis show that victims were trafficked to Turkey (37 persons), Russian Federation (8 persons) and United Arabic Emirates (6 persons). 3 victims (all are foreigners, 2 men of Russian origin and 1 man of Chinese origin) were subject to forced labor, while 51 victims (all are female) to sexual exploitation within the country.
All the victims are unemployed, whereas the education level of 1 victim is high, 39 victims is secondary, 9 victims is incomplete secondary education and 5 victims are uneducated. 15 victims are 18-25 years old, 30 victims are 25-35 years old and 9 victims are over 35. All of them are single and 13 victims have minor children under their patronage.

In the  result of operative-search activities which was conducted in 2014, it has been registered 139 criminal facts in the Main Department regarding human trafficking related crimes, 37 in different police agencies of our country and totally 176 criminal facts.

During the reporting period 51 persons, 25 accused of crimes of human trafficking and 26 in accordance with the Articles 171, 243 and 244, were wanted and 35 of them, including 12 human traffickers were arrested and given to judicial authorities. At present searches are being continued for the accused persons who have been declared internationally wanted via INTERPOL.

It has been received 13216 requests via “Hot line” service on a variety of issues in 2014, 28 of the requests were about being subject to trafficking in human beings, 4 about persons supposed to commit crimes of trafficking in human beings, 333 request were about getting job in the overseas, 333 about study abroad, 256 about marriage with a foreigner, and 12262 requests were related with other issues, so all of them were investigated by the relevant authorities and the subscribers who had called the hot line service were provided with relevant consultation.

Information on the measures taken in the direction of combating trafficking in human beings is posted on the website of the Main Department (www.iаqmi.gоv.аz) for public access. It has been widely used the possibilities of mass media, which is of great importance, in prevention of crimes of this kind. Activities implemented and outcomes produced were highlighted  on various TV channels, news agencies, press and web pages.

The previous year was the 10th year anniversary of combating trafficking in human beings in the Republic of Azerbaijan. During these years, the Republic of Azerbaijan joined the conventions of the UN and the Council of Europe and treaties of the CIS on combating trafficking in human beings and ensured the establishment and formation of the legislative system regulating anti-trafficking activities of the country.
During these years 684 crimes regarding trafficking in human beings,   408 human traffickers were held criminally liable and 583 victims of trafficking in human beings were identified.

Main Department of MIA on Combating Human Trafficking and its subordinate bodies continue relevant activities directed to fulfillment of the treaties supported by the Republic of Azerbaijan, laws of the Republic of Azerbaijan, decrees and orders of the Government Head, decisions of the Cabinet of Ministers, as well as decisions, orders and instructions of the Board of the MIA.

MIA Main Department on Combating Human Trafficking